Maladaptive daydreaming  Measures

If you are a researcher or clinician, feel free to use the tools on this page, free of charge.


If you suspect you might have maladaptive daydreaming, you may utilize the resources on this page for your personal use. We will not provide feedback on these scores and will not use them in research.

 

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■ The 16-item Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-16)

Scoring of the MDS-16: The MDS score is its mean (sum of the 16 items divided by 16). For the English version, a score of 40 or higher is indicative of probable MD. To establish if an individual meets the suggested diagnostic criteria for MD, the person should be interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for Maladaptive Daydreaming (SCIMD). 

Soffer-Dudek, N. (2021). Corrigendum for The MDS-16 (English version) cutoff score.

Permission to use the MDS-16: The MDS-16 is an open access measure and is available for research and clinical use without charge. We request that any research paper and publication that will have used the MDS-16 be shared with the ICMDR team, regardless of the language of the manuscript, with the understanding that we might add it to our online repository of MD publications.

 

References

 

Abu-Rayya, H. M., Somer, E., & Meari-Amir, S. (2019, February 4). The Psychometric Properties of the Arabic 16-Item Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-16-AR) in a Multicountry Arab Sample.Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000183 

Balestra, R. (2019). Rêveries compulsives : Validation de la version francophone du Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-F) (Maladaptive daydreaming: validation of the French version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-F). Master's thesis submitted to the Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques, Université de Lausanne, Suisse (in French).] English abstract.

Jopp, D. S., Dupuis, M., Somer, E., Hagani, N., & Herscu, O. (2018). Validation of the Hebrew Version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-H): Evidence for a Generalizable Measure of Pathological Daydreaming. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000162 

 

Sándor, A., Münnich, Á., & Molnár, J. (2020). Psychometric properties of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale in a sample of Hungarian daydreaming-prone individuals, Journal of Behavioral Addictions JBA. Retrieved Oct 7, 2020, from https://akjournals.com/view/journals/2006/aop/article-10.1556-2006.2020.00050/article-10.1556-2006.2020.00050.xml

 

Schimmenti, A. Sideli, L. La Marca, L., Gori, A. & Terrone, G.  (2019): Reliability, Validity, and Factor Structure of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS–16) in an Italian Sample, Journal of Personality Assessment. Published online: 23 Apr 2019. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2019.1594240

Soffer-Dudek, N., Somer, E., Abu-Rayya, H. M., Metin, B., & Schimmenti, A. (2020). Different cultures, similar daydream addiction? An examination of the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale, Journal of Behavioral Addictions JBA. Retrieved Nov 7, 2020, from https://akjournals.com/view/journals/2006/aop/article-10.1556-2006.2020.00080/article-10.1556-2006.2020.00080.xml.

Soffer-Dudek, N. (2021). Corrigendum for The MDS-16 (English version) cutoff score.

Somer, E., Lehrfeld J., Jopp, D.S., & Bigelsen, J. (2016). Development and Validation of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS). Consciousness and Cognition, 39, 77-91. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2015.12.001

Somer, E., Soffer-Dudek, N., Ross, C. A., & Halpern, N. (2017). Maladaptive daydreaming: Proposed diagnostic criteria and their assessment with a structured clinical interview. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4(2), 176-189. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000114

■ Structured Clinical Interview for Maladaptive Daydreaming (SCIMD)