Mountains in Clouds

Maladaptive Daydreaming Publications

On this page, you can find the known scientific literature on MD.

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  Projects in preparation  

Somer, E., Abu-Rayya, H.M. & Herscu, O. (In preparation). Maladaptive daydreaming is associated with psychopathology: A meta-analysis.

 

Soffer-Dudek, N. Aquarone, R., & Somer, E. (In preparation). Maladaptive daydreaming among consecutive British patients diagnosed with Dissociative Identity Disorder.

Catelan, R. F., & Nardi, A. E. (In preparation). Maladaptive daydreaming and emotion dysregulation: Validation of measurement tools, a profile description, and associated factors in clinical and non-clinical samples.

 

Herscu, O. & Somer, E. (In preparation). Learning from experience: Client perspectives on coping with maladaptive daydreaming

Lalani, F. & Somer, E. (In preparation). The experience of physical movement during immersive and maladaptive daydreaming: a qualitative study of asynchronous email interviews

Somer, E. (In preparation). Memory source confusion in maladaptive daydreaming: an analysis of: asynchronous email interviews

Chefetz, R., Somer, E. & Soffer-Dudek, N. (In preparation). When Daydreaming Becomes Maladaptive: A Preliminary Communication of Phenomenological and Psychoanalytic Perspectives

Soffer-Dudek, N., Aquarone, R. & Somer, E. (In preparation). Maladaptive Daydreaming in severe dissociation

Mitchel, C. et al. (In preparation). The Childhood Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale and the Childhood Maladaptive Daydreaming Checklist: a Case-Control Study

 
 

  Peer-reviewed Publications  

   Under review   

Breuer, P., Merckelbach, H. & Somer, E. (Under review). Maladaptive daydreaming is not associated with counterfactual thought: A validation study of the German and the Dutch versions of the 16-item Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale

   In press   

Herscu, O., Somer, E., Federman, A., & Soffer-Dudek, N (in press). Mindfulness meditation and self-monitoring can help improve control over maladaptive daydreaming: A randomized controlled trial of a self-guided web-based program. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology.

   Published    

 

Kamak Sürman,  Z. (2022). Uyum Bozucu Gündüz Düşleri : Psikiyatri Etiği Açısından Yaklaşım. (Ethical Approach to Maladaptive Daydreaming) Türkiye Biyoetik Dergisi, (Turkish Journal of Bioethics) 9(3), 120-122. DOI: 10.5505/tjob.2022.21033

 

Anandarami, V.S. & Roneena, A.J. (2023). Maladaptive daydreaming in individuals with disorganized attachment style: A case study. Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.47679/jrssh.v3i2.42

 

Rana, S. & Vyas, (2002). Maladaptive daydreaming: Overview. International Journal of Social Sciences, 10(3), 370-375.

Chaudhary, S., Jain, K., Agarwal, M. & Bajaj, V.. (2022). Maladaptive Daydreaming Among the Indian Youth: A Qualitative and Quantitative Analysis. International Journal of Indian Psychology, 10(1).  https://doi.org/10.25215/1001.027

Shafiq, S. & Zafar, H. (2022).  Social Anxiety as Predictor of Depression in Adolescents: Mediating Role of Dysfunctional Daydreaming. Journal of Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Online First. doi.10.22442/jlumhs.2022.00963

 

Soffer-Dudek, N. & Somer, E. (2022). Maladaptive daydreaming is a dissociative disorder: Supporting evidence and theory. In J.M. Dorahy (ed.) Dissociation and the Dissociative Disorders (2nd ed.). Taylor & Francis, pp 547-559.

 

Shafiq, S. & Zafar, H. (2022).  Social Anxiety as Predictor of Depression in Adolescents: Mediating Role of Dysfunctional Daydreaming. Journal of Liaquat University of Medical and Health Sciences, Online First. doi.10.22442/jlumhs.2022.00963

 

Chirico, I., Volpato, E., Landi, G. et al. (2022). Maladaptive Daydreaming and Its Relationship with Psychopathological Symptoms, Emotion Regulation, and Problematic Social Networking Sites Use: a Network Analysis Approach. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-022-00938-3

 

West, M.J., Somer, E., & Eigsti, I.-M. (2022). Shared Challenges and Cooccurrence of Maladaptive Daydreaming and Autism Spectrum Disorder. Advanves in Neurodevlopmental Disorders. https://doi.org/10.1007/s41252-022-00279-1

 

West, M. J., Somer, E., & Eigsti, I.-M. (2022). Immersive and Maladaptive Daydreaming and Divergent Thinking in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Imagination, Cognition and Personality, Online First. https://doi.org/10.1177/02762366221129819

 

Musetti, A., Gori, A., Michelini, G., Di Monte, C., Franceschini, C., & Mariani, R. (2022). Are defense styles mediators between traumatic experiences and maladaptive daydreaming? Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-022-03708-5

Thorburn, C. (2022). ‘Maladaptive Daydreaming’: An introduction to a new condition. European Psychiatry 65, Special Issue S1: Abstracts of the 30th European Congress of Psychiatry, June 2022, pp. S178 - S179 . https://doi.org/10.1192/j.eurpsy.2022.473

 

Wen, H., Soffer-Dudek, N., & Somer, E. (2022). Daily feelings and the affective valence of daydreams in maladaptive daydreaming: A longitudinal analysis. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/cns0000293

 

Margherita, G., Caffieri, A., Mariani, R., Filosa, M., Manari, T., Lenzo, V., Quattropani, M. C., Vegni, E., Borghi, L., Castelnuovo, G., Saita, E., Freda, M. F., Varallo, G., Franceschini, C., & Musetti, A. (2022). Dreaming or daydreaming during COVID-19 lockdown: A comparison between maladaptive and nonmaladaptive daydreamers. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1037/cns0000333

 

Conte, G., Arigliani, E., Martinelli, M, Di Nola, S., Chiarotti, F. & Cardona, F. (2022). Daydreaming and psychopathology in adolescence: An exploratory study. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1111/ eip.13323

 

Metin, S., Gocmen, B., Metin, B. (2022). Turkish validity and reliability study of maladaptive daydreaming. Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, 12(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.5455/PBS.20210907111754 

 

Soffer-Dudek, N. & Theodor‐Katz, N. (2022). Maladaptive Daydreaming: epidemiological data on a newly identified syndrome. Frontiers in Psychiatry.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2022.871041

Mándli, K., McCutcheon, L. & Zsila, Á. (2022). Relationship Status and Celebrity Worship: Exploring Differences in Maladaptive Daydreaming, Engagement, and Body Appreciation across Single and Partnered Women. North American Journal of Psychology 24 (2), 235-256.

 

Theodor‐Katz, N., Somer, E., Hesseg, R. M., & Soffer‐Dudek, N. (2022). Could immersive daydreaming underlie a deficit in attention? The prevalence and characteristics of maladaptive daydreaming in individuals with attention‐deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 1–20. https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.2335520

 

Mariani, R., Musetti, A., Di Monte, C., Danskin, K., Franceschini, C., & Christian, C. (2021). Maladaptive Daydreaming in Relation to Linguistic Features and Attachment Style. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 19(1), 386. MDPI AG. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19010386

 

Metin, B., Somer, E., Abu-Rayya, H.M., Schimmenti, A., & Göçmen, B. (2021). Perceived Stress During the COVID-19 Pandemic Mediates the Association Between Self-quarantine Factors and Psychological Characteristics and Elevated Maladaptive Daydreaming. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-021-00678-w

Yazhini, C.S. (2021).  Statistical analysis of impact on daydreaming. International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews (IJRAR), 8(3), 543-563http://www.ijrar.org/IJRAR21C2177.pdf  

 

Somer, E., Cardeña, E., Catelan, R.F. Sofer-Dudek., N. (2021). Reality shifting: psychological features of an emergent online daydreaming culture. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02439-3.

 

Sándor, A., Bugán, A., Nagy, A., Nagy, N., Tóth-Merza, K., & Molnár, J. (2021). Childhood traumatization and dissociative experiences among maladaptive and normal daydreamers in a Hungarian sample. Current psychology (New Brunswick, N.J.), 1–17. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-02223-3

Brenner, R., Somer, E., & Abu-Rayya, H.M. (2021). Personality Traits and Maladaptive Daydreaming: Fantasy Functions and Themes in a Multi-Country Sample. Personality and Individual Differences, 184, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2021.111194.

Salomon-Small, G., Somer, E., Harel, M. & Soffer-Dudek, N. (2021). Maladaptive Daydreaming and Obsessive-Compulsive Symptoms: A confirmatory and exploratory investigation of shared mechanisms. Journal of Psychiatric Research. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2021.02.017

Costanzo, A., Santoro, G., Russo, S., Cassarà, M.S., Midolo, L.,R., Billieux, J., & Schimmenti, A. (2021). Attached to Virtual Dreams, The Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease: April 26, 2021 - Volume Publish Ahead of Print - Issue - doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001356

 

Musetti, A., Franceschini, C., Pingani, L., Freda, M.F., Saita, EW., Vegni, E., Zenesini, C., Quattropani, M.C., Lenzo, V., Margherita, G., Lemmo, D., Corsano, P., Borghi, L., Cattivelli, R., Plazzi, G., Castelnuovo, G., Somer, E., Schimmenti A. (2021). Maladaptive daydreaming in an adult Italian population during the COVID-19 lockdown. Frontiers in Psychology 12, Article 631979.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.631979

 

Sándor, A., Bugán, A., Nagy, A., Bogdán, L.S., & Molnár, L. (2021). Attachment characteristics and emotion regulation difficulties among maladaptive and normal daydreamers. Current Psychology. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12144-021-01546-5

 

Somer, E., Abu-Rayya, H. M., & Brenner, R. (2021). Childhood Trauma and Maladaptive Daydreaming: Fantasy Functions and Themes In A Multi-Country Sample. Journal of trauma & dissociation : the official journal of the International Society for the Study of Dissociation (ISSD), 22(3), 288–303. https://doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2020.1809599

Wijaya, R. B. A. (2021). Kondep Diri Pada Masa Dewasa Awal Yang Mengalami Mmaladaptive Ddaydreaming. (Self-Concept in Early Adulthood Experiencing Maladaptive Daydreaming) Al-Qalb: Jurnal Psikologi Islam, 12(2), 179-193. (In Indonesian). https://doi.org/10.15548/alqalb.v12i2.2865 

 

Sabzban, M; & Safaei, I. (2021). Associating Psychological Symptoms and Worshipping National Taekwondo Champions as Celebrities: The Mediating Role of Maladaptive Daydreaming and Desire for Fame. Sport Psychology Studies, 10(37), 179-206. (In Persian, English abstract). DOI: 10.22089/spsyj.2021.9537.2051

 

Bashir, M.M.I. (2021). Prevalence of maladaptive daydreaming among medical students at the University of Khartoum, Sudan, in 2020–2021. Middle East Current Psychiatry 28, 41. https://doi.org/10.1186/s43045-021-00122-8

Kammad, Z.A., Al-Sabbagh, A.B., & Hussain, M.A. (2021). Prevalence of Proneness to Maladaptive Daydreaming Syndrome In Basra Medical Students. Elementary Education Online, 20 (1), 2009-2013.  doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2021.01.219

 

Caner Yam, F. (2021). Examining the Concept of Maladaptive Daydreaming with the Film Analysis Method. Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar - Current Approaches in Psychiatry 13(Suppl 1), 27-39. Doi: 10.18863/pgy.877490 (In Turkish).

Yazhini, C.S. (2021).  Statistical analysis of impact on daydreaming. International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, 8(3), 543-563http://www.ijrar.org/IJRAR21C2177.pdf

 

Perrotta G (2021) The state of consciousness: From perceptual alterations to dissociative forms. Analysis of neurobiological and clinical profiles. Journal of Neurology, Neurological Science and Disorders, 7(1): 006-018. DOI: 10.17352/jnnsd.000042

 

Sharma P. & Mahapatra A. (2021). Phenomenological analysis of maladaptive daydreaming associated with internet gaming addiction: a case report. General Psychiatry, 34. e100419. doi:10.1136/ gpsych-2020-100419

Wijaya, R. B. A. (2021). Self-Concept in Early Adulthood Experiencing Maladaptive Daydreaming. Al-Qalb: Jurnal Psikologi Islam, 12(2), 179-193. https://doi.org/10.15548/alqalb.v12i2.2865 (In Indonesian, English abstract). 

Soffer-Dudek, N., Somer, E., Abu-Rayya, H. M., Metin, B., & Schimmenti, A. (2020). Different cultures, similar daydream addiction? An examination of the cross-cultural measurement equivalence of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale, Journal of Behavioral Addictions JBA. Retrieved Nov 7, 2020, from https://akjournals.com/view/journals/2006/aop/article-10.1556-2006.2020.00080/article-10.1556-2006.2020.00080.xml

 

Somer, E., Abu-Rayya, H.M., Schimmenti, A., Metin, B., Brenner, R. Ferrante, E., Göçmen, B., and Marino, A. (2020). Heightened Levels of Maladaptive Daydreaming Are Associated With COVID-19 Lockdown, Pre-existing Psychiatric Diagnoses, and Intensified Psychological Dysfunctions: A Multi-country Study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 11, 587455. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2020.587455

 

Ferrante, E., Marino, A., Guglielmucci, F., & Schimmenti, A. (2020). The Mediating Role of Dissociation and Shame in the Relationship Between Emotional Trauma and Maladaptive Daydreaming. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice. Advance online publication. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000253 

 

Sándor, A., Münnich, Á., & Molnár, J. (2020). Psychometric properties of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale in a sample of Hungarian daydreaming-prone individuals, Journal of Behavioral Addictions JBA. Retrieved Oct 7, 2020, from https://akjournals.com/view/journals/2006/aop/article-10.1556-2006.2020.00050/article-10.1556-2006.2020.00050.xml

Jan Gysi (2020). Maladaptive Tagträumen, In Diagnostik von Traumafolgestörungen: Multiaxiales Trauma-Dissoziations-Modell nach ICD-11. Bern, Switzerland: Hogrefe, p.271 (in German).

 

Ross, C.A., Ridgway, J., & George, N. (2020). Maladaptive Daydreaming, Dissociation, and the Dissociative Disorders. Psychiatric Research & Clinical Practice. Published Online: 5 Oct 2020. https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.prcp.20190050

 

Greene, T., West, M. & Somer, E. (2020). Maladaptive daydreaming and emotional regulation difficulties: A Network Analysis. Psychiatric Research, 285. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2020.112799

   - - -   Greene, West & Somer (2020). Supplementary materials.

 

West, M. & Somer, E. (2020). Empathy, emotion regulation and creativity in immersive daydreaming. Imagination, Cognition and Personality,  39(4), 358-373. DOI: 10.1177/0276236619864277

Vázquez-Rivera, S., de la Vega-Rodríguez, I., García-Villamor, M., Díaz-Marsá, M., & Carrasco-Perera, J. L. (2020). Trastorno dr Ensoñación Excesiva: Cracterísticas Clínicas y Neuropsycológicas del PrimerCaso Descrito en España. Revista De Casos Clínicos En Salud Mental, 8(1). Recuperado a partir de http://www.casosclinicosensaludmental.es/ojs/index.php/RCCSM/article/view/48

 

Alenizi, M.M., Alenazi, S.D., Almushir, S., et al. (October 03, 2020) Impact of Maladaptive Daydreaming on Grade Point Average (GPA) and the Association Between Maladaptive Daydreaming and Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD). Cureus 12(10): e10776. doi:10.7759/cureus.10776

 

Adeniz, E. (2020). Daydreaming Overdose: Maladaptive Daydreaming. PsiNossa, 60, 29-31 (In Turkish)

 

Dujić, G., Antičević, V. & Mišetić, I. (2020). Contribution of Maladaptive Daydreaming to the Level of Psychological Distress and Coping Strategies. Socijalna psihijatrija (Social Psychiatry), 48 (1), 3-19. https://doi.org/10.24869/spsih.2020.3 (In Serbian)

 

Vally, Z., Moussa, D., Khalil, E., Al Fahel,  A., Al Azry, N., & Jafar, N. (2020). Celebrity worship in the United Arab Emirates: An examination of its association with problematic Internet use, maladaptive daydreaming, and desire for fame. Psychology of Popular Media. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/ppm0000276  

Gervasi, S., Santoro, G. & Schimmenti, A. (2019). Maladaptive daydreaming: teoria, ricerca e implicazioni cliniche del disturbo da sogni a occhi aperti. Psichiatria & Psicoterapia, 38(4), 237-249. (Maladaptive daydreaming: theory, research, and clinical implications of daydreaming, In Italian).

Marcusson-Clavertz, D., West, M., Kjell, Somer, E. (2019) A daily diary study on maladaptive daydreaming, mind wandering, and sleep disturbances: Examining within-person and between-persons relations. PLoS ONE 14(11): e0225529. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal. pone.0225529

 

Schimmenti, A., Somer, E. & Regis, M. (2019). Maladaptive daydreaming: Towards a nosological definition. Annales Medico-Psychologiques, 177, 865-874. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amp.2019.08.014

 

Ross, C.A., West, M., & Somer, E. (2019). Self-Reported Medication And Recreational Drug Effectiveness In Maladaptive Daydreaming. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 208(1), 77-80.  DOI: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000001091

Wang, Q., Dong, X., & Li, X. (2019). rTMS as an add-on treatment for maladaptive daydreaming over 10 years in patients with schizophrenia: A case report. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 43, 208–209. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajp.2017.10.025

 

Rebello, P., Johnson, K., D'Souza, P., Rao, P.R., & Malamarthi, S. (2019). A case report on maladaptive daydreaming. Galore International Journal of Health Science and Research, 4(1), 33-36.

Abu-Rayya, H. M., Somer, E., & Meari-Amir, S. (2019). The Psychometric Properties of the Arabic 16-Item Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-16-AR) in a Multicountry Arab Sample. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 6(2), 171-183. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000183

 

Somer, E., Abu-Rayya, H.M. & Nsairy Samaan, Z. (2019). Maladaptive daydreaming among recovering substance use disorder patients: its prevalence and mediation of the relationship between childhood trauma and dissociation. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

International Journal of Mental Health and Addictions, 17(2), 206-216https://doi.org/10.1007/s11469-018-0011-9

 

Zsila, Á., Urbán, R., McCutheon, L.E. & Demetrovics, Z. (Advance online publication, 2019). A path analytic review of the association between psychiatric symptoms and celebrity worship: The mediating role of maladaptive daydreaming and desire for fame. Personality and  Individual Differences, 151, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2019.109511

Schimmenti, A. Sideli, L. La Marca, L., Gori, A. & Terrone, G.  (2019): Reliability, Validity, and Factor Structure of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS–16) in an Italian Sample. Journal of Personality Assessment 102(5), 689-701. Published online: 23 Apr 2019. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/00223891.2019.1594240

 

Somer, E., Somer, L. & Halpern, N. (2019). Representations of maladaptive daydreaming and the self: A qualitative analysis of drawings, The Arts in Psychotherapy.  63, 102-110https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aip.2018.12.004

Miller, A. (2019). Therapeutic neutrality, ritual abuse, and maladaptive daydreaming. A commentary. Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation, 3(1), 4–11. 2523-5125 online. https://doi.org/10.46716/ftpd.2019.0018

 

 

Ross, C.A. (2019). Maladaptive daydreaming and therapeutic neutrality: A rejoinder. Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation, 3(1):12–13. 523-5125 online.  https://doi.org/10.46716/ftpd.2019.0019 

Somer, E. (2019). On dissociative identity disorder and maladaptive daydreaming. Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation, 3(1):14–18. 2523-5125 online. https://doi.org/10.46716/ftpd.2019.0020 

Ross, C.A. (2019). Maladaptive daydreaming and dissociation: Both a continuum and a taxon. A rejoinder. Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation, 3(1):19–20. 2523-5125 online. https://doi.org/10.46716/ftpd.2019.0021 

Pietkiewicz, I.J., Nęcki, S., Bańbura, A, & Tomalski, R. (2018). Maladaptive daydreaming as a new form of behavioral addiction. Journal of Behavioural Addictions, 7(3), 838-843. DOI: 10.1556/2006.7.2018.95

Zsila, Á., McCutcheon, L.E., & Demetrovics, Z. (2018). The association of celebrity worship with problematic Internet use, maladaptive daydreaming, and desire for fame. Journal of Behavioral Addictions.  Retrieved from https://akademiai.com/doi/pdf/10.1556/2006.7.2018.76. DOI: 10.1556/2006.7.2018.76.

 

Jopp, D. S., Dupuis, M., Somer, E., Hagani, N., & Herscu, O. (2018). Validation of the Hebrew Version of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-H): Evidence for a Generalizable Measure of Pathological Daydreaming. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 6(3), 242-261. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000162 

Sándor, A., Molnár, J. (2018). Maladaptív álmodozás. In: Kuritárné, Sz. I., Molnár, J., Nagy, A. (Eds). Trauma-eredetű disszociáció. Budapest: Oriold és Társai, 285-302.

 

Bershtling, O., & Somer, E. (2018). The micro-politics of a new mental condition: Legitimization in maladaptive daydreamers’ discourse. The Qualitative Report, 23(8), 1983-2002. https://doi.org/10.46743/2160-3715/2018.3466. Retrieved from https://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol23/iss8/14

 

Ross, C.A. (2018).The Potential Relevance of Maladaptive Daydreaming in Treatment of Dissociative Identity Disorder in Persons With Ritual Abuse and Complex Inner Worlds. Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation, 1(2), 160-173. https://doi.org/10.46716/ftpd.2017.0010.

 

Soffer-Dudek, N. & Somer, E. (2018) Trapped in a Daydream: Daily Elevations in Maladaptive Daydreaming Are Associated With Daily Psychopathological Symptoms. Frontiers in Psychiatry 9(194). doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2018.00194

Somer, E. (2018). Maladaptive daydreaming: Ontological analysis, treatment rationale: a Pilot case study. Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation, 2(1):1–22. 2523-5125 online. https://doi.org/10.46716/ftpd.2017.0006

Wei, L. (2018). 非适应性白日梦: 概念、测评及共病情况 (Maladaptive daydreaming: concept, assessment and comorbidity). Journal of Nervous Diseases and Mental Health, 18 (1), 61-65 (In Chinese).

 

Anwar, M., Aqeel, M., & Shuja, K.M. (2018). Linking Social Support, Social Anxiety and Maladaptive Daydreaming: Evidence from University Students of Pakistan. Foundation University Journal of Psychology, 2(2), 139-179.

Naguy, A., Alamiri, B., & AlDhaen, M. N. (2018). Methylphenidate for Ego-Syntonic Daydreaming. American Journal of Therapeutics, 25(6), e725–e726. https://doi.org/10.1097/MJT.0000000000000742

Somer, E. & Herscu, O. (2017). Childhood trauma, social anxiety, absorption and fantasy dependence: Two potential mediated pathways to maladaptive daydreaming. Journal of Addictive Behaviors, Therapy & Rehabilitation, 6(3) (open access) DOI: 10.4172/2324-9005.1000170.

 

Somer, E., Soffer-Dudek, N., & Ross, C. A. (2017). The comorbidity of daydreaming disorder (Maladaptive Daydreaming). Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease. 205(7), 525-530. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000685

 

Somer, E., Soffer-Dudek, N., Ross, C. A., & Halpern, N. (2017). Maladaptive daydreaming: Proposed diagnostic criteria and their assessment with a structured clinical interview. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 4(2), 176-189. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/cns0000114

 

Somer, E. Somer, L. & Jopp, S.D. (2016). Childhood Antecedents and Maintaining Factors in Maladaptive Daydreaming. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 204(6), 471-478.  DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/NMD.0000000000000507

 

Somer, E. Somer, L. & Jopp, S.D. (2016). Parallel Lives: A Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experience of Maladaptive Daydreaming. Journal of Trauma and Dissociation, 17(5), 561-576. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15299732.2016.1160463

 

Somer, E., Lehrfeld J., Jopp, D.S., & Bigelsen, J. (2016). Development and Validation of the Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS). Consciousness and Cognition, 39, 77-91. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2015.12.001

 

Bigelsen, J., Lehrfeld, J.M., Jopp, D.S. & Somer, E. (2016). Maladaptive daydreaming: Evidence for an under-researched mental health disorder. Consciousness and Cognition, 42, 254-266. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2016.03.017

 

Bigelsen, J., & Schupak, C. (2011). Compulsive fantasy: Proposed evidence of an under-reported syndrome through a systematic study of 90 self-identified non-normative fantasizers. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 20, 1634-1648. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2011.08.013

Schupak, C. & Rosenthal, J. (2009). Excessive daydreaming: A case history and discussion of mind wandering and high fantasy proneness. Consciousness and Cognition: An International Journal, 18, 290-292. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2008.10.002

Schupak, C., & Rosenthal, J. (2009). Sonho excessivo: Uma história verídica e discussão sobre a mente errante e a alta propensão à fantasia. Consciência e Cognição. Retrieved from https://cdn-cms.f-static.com/uploads/436421/normal_59b67b34ac73d.pdf (in Portuguese). 

Somer, E. (2002). Maladaptive daydreaming: A qualitative inquiry. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 32(2), 195-210. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1020597026919

 

Somer, E. (2002). Maladaptive Daydreaming: Um Inquérito Qualitativo. Journal of Contemporary Psychotherapy 32(2), 195-210. A Portuguese translation retrieved from: https://cdn-cms.f-static.com/uploads/436421/normal_59c54b7c8cdef.pdf

 

Other Scientific Publications

   Webinars and papers presented in conferences   

Soffer-Dudek, N. (July 20, 2022). Maladaptive Daydreaming vs. ADHD: Important Similarities and Distinctive Differences. Webinar presented for ADDitude.

 

Bar'am, A. (2022). Waking up from a daydream: thoughts on daydreaming as a mental refuge. Webinar presented as part of the series "Opening a window to psychoanalysis, The Israel Psychoanalytic Society (May 11, in Hebrew).

 

Hennis, A., Dover, S., & Hansen (2022). The Role of Stress and Trauma in Immersive Daydreaming and Parasocial Relationships. Poster presented in Source: Showcase of undergraduate research and creative endeavors, Winthrop University, South Carolina, USA.

 

Demirbas, H. (2021). Studying Maladaptive Daydreaming’s Impact on Impulsivity. Paper presented at the 2021 online Annual Indiana University Southeast Student Conference, (April 22-23). Retrieved from https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/bitstream/handle/2022/26425/Demirbas_Hasan-Studying_Maladaptive_Daydreamings_Impact_on_Impulsivity-Paper.pdf?sequence=2&isAllowed=y.

Herscu, O. (October 4-5, 2021). Evaluating the effectiveness of an online self-help therapeutic

intervention in maladaptive daydreaming. Conference of the Israeli Society for Psychotherapy Research (SPR-IL) in collaboration with the Freud Center, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Mefarshim Institute, Tel Aviv-Yafo Academic College. https://www.mifrasim.mta.ac.il/sprconference2021

Metin, B., Somer, E., Abu-Rayya, H.M, Schimmenti,A., & Göçmen, B. (July 2021). Perceived Stress during the COVID-19 pandemic Mediates the Association Between Self-quarantine factors and Psychological characteristics and elevated Maladaptive Daydreaming [Virtual poster presentation]. 17/18th Annual World Congress of the Society for Brain Mapping and Therapeutics.

West, M., Somer, E., & Eigsti, IM. (May 2021). Maladaptive Daydreaming in Autism Spectrum Disorders Is Associated with Loneliness, Repetitive Behaviors, and Emotion Regulation Difficulties. [Poster presentation]. Association for Psychological Science Virtual Convention, APS 2021.

 

West, M., Somer, E., & Eigsti, IM. (May 2021). The Association Between Autism Traits and Maladaptive Daydreaming [Poster presentation]. International Society for Autism Research Annual conference, INSAR 2021, virtual conference.

 

West, M., Somer, E., & Eigsti, I. M. (May 2021). Maladaptive Daydreaming in Autism Spectrum Disorders Is Associated with Loneliness, Repetitive Behaviors, and Emotion Regulation Difficulties. The 2021 Association for Psychological Science virtual convention.

Demirbas, H. (April 22-23, 2021). Studying Maladaptive Daydreaming’s Impact on Impulsivity. Paper presented at the 2021online Annual Indiana University Southeast Student Conference.

West, M., Somer, E., & Eigsti, I. M. (June 2020) The association between autism traits and maladaptive daydreaming. Poster presented at the International Society for Autism Research 2020 Virtual Meeting

Ross, C, Somer, E., Schimmenti, A., Sandor, A., Pietkiewicz, I. & Somer, L. (October 2019).  Maladaptive Daydreaming: an Overview of a Proposed Disorder. Symposium presented at the 7th Biennial Conference of the European Society for Trauma and Dissociation, Rome, Italy.

Bershtling, O. & Somer, E. (2019, June). The micro-politics behind the discovery of a new “mental disorder”: Legitimisation in the discourse of individuals suffering from maladaptive daydreaming. Paper presented at The Annual Conference of The Israeli Society for the History and Philosophy of Science. Van Leer Institute, Jerusalem, Israel.

 

Breshtling, O. & Somer, E. (2019, May). The micro-politics behind the discovery of a new 'mental disorder': Legitimisation in the discourse of individuals suffering from maladaptive daydreaming. Paper presented at the 47th conference of the Israeli Anthropological Society: "Anthropology and Technology", Beer Sheva, Israel. 

Jopp, D.S. (2018, June). Maladaptive Daydreaming - Rêverie hors contrôle. Presentation Musée de la Main, Série de conference “La conscience sous contrôle”,  Lausanne, Switzerland (in French). 

 

Breshtling, O. & Somer, E. (2018, September). The micro-politics of a new mental condition: Legitimization in the discourse of individuals with 'maladaptive daydreaming. Paper presented at Qualitative Research in Mental Health Conference, Berlin, Germany.

 

Somer, E. (July, 2018). Maladaptive daydreaming (Daydreaming disorder): The ontological question of a newly discovered clinical construct. Invited colloquium presented at Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig, Germany.

 

Somer, E (2018, June). Maladaptive Daydreaming: a disorder of dissociative absorption and its relation to childhood emotional neglect. Paper presented at a round table international workshop titled  “An Interdisciplinary Perspective on Trauma Research: Between Brain and Behavior”,  Shefayim, Israel.

 

Herscu, O. (2018, June). Treatment of maladaptive daydreaming: The development and assessment of an online self-help computerized intervention. Paper presented at the departmental colloquium, School of Social Work, University of Haifa, Israel (Hebrew abstract).

 

Somer, E. (2018, March). Pathological daydreaming: New evidence for a dissociative absorption disorder. Pre-conference workshop presented at the yearly conference of the German Speaking Society for Psychotrumatology. Dresden, Germany.

 

Somer, E. (2017, November) Maladaptive daydreaming: New evidence for a dissociative absorption disorder. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the European Society for Trauma and Dissociation. Bern, Switzerland.

 

Somer, E. (2017, March). Maladaptive daydreaming – Evidence for a pathological form of absorption. Paper presented at the 34th annual conference of the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation. Washington, DC, USA.

 

Wen, H., Haliczer, L.A. & Dixon-Gordon, L.K. (2017, September). Maladaptive dreamers:
The association between personality disorder symptoms and maladaptive daydreaming. Poster presented at the XV Congress of the International Society for the Study of Personality Disorders, Heidelberg, Germany.

   Academic Research Papers (theses)   

 

Rogna, J. (2021). LA RÊVERIE COMPULSIVE ET LE DÉFICIT DE L’ATTENTION TISSER UN LIEN ENTRE CES DEUX PHÉNOMÈNES CLINIQUES. Mémoire de Master, Faculté des Sciences Sociales et Politiques - Institut de psychologie, Université de Lausanne, Suisse.(pdf).

 

Marino, A. (2022). Postmodern reveries: Expeditions to the Maladaptive Daydreaming World. A thesis submitted to the Department of Anthropology, Princeton University, USA.

 

Sipos, A. (2022). The relationship between adverse childhood experiences, mentalization, and maladaptive daydreaming. A thesis presented to Szeged University, Hungary.

 

Mandelburger, S. (2022). Immersive Daydreaming: Does inattention mediate the connection between attachment style and Maladaptive Daydreaming?. A thesis presented to Karlstad University, Sweden.

 

Breuer, P. (2022). Maladaptive Daydreaming and Counterfactual Thinking: Exploring the psychometrics of the German and Dutch Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-16). A thesis presented to Maastricht University, The Netherlands.

 

Lapenna, P.C. (2022). Impossible Daydreams: an exploration. A thesis presented to the department of creative writing, University of Exeter, United Kingdom.

 

Barrie, S. (2022). (Maladaptive) Daydreaming through life. in May, R.G. (ed.), A bend in the Sky: An anthology of Creative non-fiction, pp 13-17. Queen's University, Canada.

Danieli, A. (2022). Forever a Dreamer: A qualitative assessment of the attention experience among individuals with maladaptive daydreaming (Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Studies. University of Haifa, Israel) (In Hebrew, English abstract).

 

Shubh. R. (2022). Maladaptive Daydreaming: the unofficially recognized disorder. Paper submitted to the Amity Institue of Behavioral & Allied Sciences BSc. program, Mumbai, India.

Herscu, O. (2021). Treatment for Maladaptive Daydreaming: A pioneering study on the development and evaluation of an online intervention based on mindfulness meditation and self-monitoring. Doctoral dissertation presented to the School of Social Work, University of Haifa, Israel (in Hebrew, English abstract).

Harel-Schwarzmann, M. (2021). The association between maladaptive daydreaming and obsessive-compulsive disorder: An examination of mediating mechanisms. (Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel) (in Hebrew - English Abstract). 

Lucas, A. (2021). Understanding the lived experience of maladaptive daydreaming. DClinPsych Thesis Canterbury Christ Church University Salomons Institutes of Applied Psychology.

Bisella E. (2021). Maladaptive Daydreaming e stili difensivi: uno studio correlazionale (Maladaptive Daydreaming and Defensive Styles: A Correlational Study). Master’s thesis presented to the Department Psychology, University of Parma, Italy (in Italian). 

Lapenna, P.C. (2020). Impossible Daydreams: an exploration. Master's thesis in Creative Writing, presented to the University of Exeter, United Kingdom.

 

Brenner, R. (2020). Personality Traits and Maladaptive Daydreaming: Fantasy Functions and Themes in a Multi-Country Sample. (Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel) (in Hebrew - English Abstract). 

Churchland, M. (2020). The tower, a Master’s thesis in creative writing about the experience of maladaptive daydreaming. University of British Columbia, Canada. Retrieved from https://open.library.ubc.ca/collections/ubctheses/24/items/1.0394112University of British Columbia. Retrieved from https://open.library.ubc.ca/collections/ubctheses/24/items/1.0394112

 

Pattison, K.D. (2020). Daydreamed: A creative representation of maladaptive daydreaming (An Undergraduate Research Scholars thesis, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, USA). Retrieved from Retrieved from https://oaktrust.library.tamu.edu/handle/1969.1/188459 

Huth, J. & Scramm, M. (2020). Mehr Realität ? Eine qualitative Interviewstudie mit maladaptiven Tagträumenden (More reality? A qualitative interview study with maladaptive daydreamers). A Master's thesis presented to Magdeburg-Stendal University of Applied Sciences, Germany (in German). 

Theodor-Katz, N. (2019). A daydream or an attention deficit? The relationship between Maladaptive Daydreaming and Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity disorder among individuals with Attention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity Disorder (Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel) (in Hebrew - English Abstract). 

Balestra, R. (2019). Rêveries compulsives : Validation de la version francophone du Maladaptive Daydreaming Scale (MDS-F) (Maladaptive daydreaming: validation of the French version of the Maladaptive Datdreaming Scale (MDS-F). Master's thesis submitted to the Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques, Université de Lausanne, Suisse (in French).] English abstract.

Castiglia, D. (2019). Maladaptive daydreaming : traumatismes et prédisposition à la rêverie comme facteurs de risque (Maladaptive daydreaming: trauma and predisposition to daydreaming as risk factors). Thesis submitted to Université de Lausanne, Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques, Université de Lausanne, Suisse (in French). English abstract.

Knane, H. (2018). Maladaptive daydreaming exacerbates psycho-social problems experienced by female victims of intrafamilial childhood sexual abuse. (Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel) (in Hebrew - English Abstract).

Meari-Amer, S. (2018). Do family support and religiosity moderate the interconnections between maladaptive daydreaming and childhood trauma, emotional distress and social problems? (Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel) (in Hebrew - English Abstract).

De La Vega, P. (2018). Maladaptive daydreaming : une histoire pour survive (Maladaptive daydreaming: A story to survive). Thesis submitted to Université de Lausanne, Faculté des sciences sociales et politiques, Université de Lausanne, Suisse (in French)English abstract.

Thomson. C.A. (2018). Understanding Self-Identified Use of Maladaptive Daydreaming in Relation to Developmental Trauma: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of Blogs. A thesis submitted to the University of Chester, UK for the Degree of Master of Science (Psychological Trauma) in partial fulfillment of the Modular Programme in Psychological Trauma.

 

Gorana, D. (2018). The contribution of daily maladaptive daydreaming to the level of psychological distress and coping with stress of health studies students. Master’s thesis submitted to the Department of Health Studies, University of Split, Croatia (in Croatian).

 

Yilmaz, H. (2018). The relationship between maladaptive daydreaming, attention deficit-hyperactivity, psychological well-being and academic performance, An undergraduate thesis submitted to the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, T.C. Maltepe University, Turkey

 

Cook, Mary, "Thin Places" (2018). English Honors Theses. 10. https://creativematter.skidmore.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1009&context=eng_stu_schol

Sándor, A. (2017). Examination of maladaptive daydreaming in the general population (Thesis submitted to the Faculty of General Medicine, University of Debrecen, Hungary) (in Hungarian - English abstract). A presentation of data from this thesis won the 2nd national prize for outstanding research, 2017 Conference of the Scientific Student Association, Hungary. Supervisor: Dr. Judit Molnár.

 

Nsairy-Simaan, Z. (2017). The relationship between childhood trauma, dissociation and maladaptive daydreaming among recovering substance use disorder patients. (Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel) (in Hebrew - English Abstract).

Uslu, H. (2015). Understanding the relationship between media use and maladaptive daydreaming. A thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences of Georgetown University, Washington, DC, USA.

Herscu, O. (2015). When Life Becomes a Dream: The Relationship between Maladaptive Daydreaming, Childhood Trauma, Absorption, Social Anxiety, and Addiction to Daydreaming in a non-clinical student sample. (Thesis submitted to the Faculty of Social Welfare and Health Sciences, University of Haifa, Israel) (in Hebrew - English Abstract).

   Non-peer reviewed publications   

Fawcett, S. (2022). Teens in fantasyland: When Imaginations Get Carried Away. Down Syndrome Resource Foundation. (pdf).

 

Bashir, M.I.M. (2021). Prevalence of Maladaptive Daydreaming among medical students at University of Khartoum in 2020-2021

Conan, V. (2020). Losing the Atmosphere. Greenpoint Press.

Escudero, M. (2020). Ensoñación inadaptada: un diagnóstico controvertido (maladaptive daydreaming: A controversial diagnosis). Retrieved on Oct. 12, 2020 from https://mepsicologo.com/blog/ensonacion-inadaptada/ (in Spanish)

 

Witkin, M. (2019). Maladaptive daydreaming: Is it a "real thing"? The Brown University Child and Adolescent Behaviour Letter, 35(2)https://doi.org/10.1002/cbl.30353

 

Surdacki, M. (2018, Niepublikowany manuskrypt). Nadmierne fantazjowanie dzieci w kontradaptacyjnym fantazjowaniu: przyczyny i symptomy. Uniwersytet Medyczny we Wrocławiu (in Polish).

 

Surdacki, M. (2018, Unpublished translation). Children’s excessive daydreaming in Maladaptive daydreaming: causes and symptoms. Wroclaw Medical University, Poland.

 

Sándor, A. (2017). Examination of maladaptive daydreaming in the general population. English abstract of a thesis submitted to the Department of Health Psychology, University of Debrecen, Hungary (in Hungarian). A presentation of data from this thesis won the 2nd national prize for outstanding research, 2017 Conference of the Scientific Student Association, Hungary. Supervisor: Dr. Judit Molnár. 

 

Sándor, A. (2017). A maladaptív nappali álmodozás vizsgálata átlagpopulációban. Disszertáció összefoglaló, Debreceni Egyetem (in Hungarian).

 

Somer, E. (2013). From adaptive fantasy to dissociative psychopathology: On forms of daydreaming. A commentary on Young, W.C. (1988). Observations on Fantasy in the Formation of Multiple Personality Disorder Dissociation. Dissociation, 1(3) 13-20. ISSTDNews, Members Clinical Corner, June, 2013.

 

Regis, M. (2013). Daydreams and the Function of Fantasy.  Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN: ISBN-10: 1137300760